French President Emmanuel Macron, whose list to Europeans was largely outpaced Sunday by the National Rally, has ruled out any change in direction in his policy even if the Prime Minister advocates “more human”. On the contrary, Marine Le Pen, president of the National Gathering, spoke of a “democratic disavowal” for power and called for a breakup.
The head of state intends to “intensify act 2 of his five-year term” and will not “change course,” said his entourage Sunday evening after the first estimates of the results. The president and the French government are facing a social frond, anti-tax and “against injustices” since mid-November which continues to speak – in small numbers – every Saturday during demonstrations.
“The guidelines announced after the great debate will continue, the goal is that the French can feel the change,” continued the same source in the entourage of the president.
In contrast, Marine Le Pen, whose National Rally (RN) came in the lead. For the president of the RN, these results constitute a “democratic disavowal” for the president who must, according to her, “draw the consequences” of these results, “he who put his presidential credit in this election by making a referendum on his policy and even on his person “.
“He has no other choice, in my opinion, than to dissolve the National Assembly,” she said.
Prime Minister Édouard Philippe heard “this strong message, we received it 5 out of 5, as we received the message on the ecological emergency,” he said. He called for a “new method” of government – but not a change of plan or contemplated his departure.
“Tomorrow I will be hard at work,” he said.
“We need to implement a new method to further help territories (…) to put more human in our policy.”
“This is the challenge of act 2 of the quinquennium, so there is still a lot of work.”
But no question of giving up:
“It’s time for action, because the French will ultimately judge us on one thing, the results”.
Five highlights of these European elections
Turnout up sharply
Unbelieving in the forecasts, European voters voted overwhelmingly: participation would reach 51% in 27 EU countries, according to figures released by the Parliament.
In Germany, it jumped 11 points compared to 2014 to 59% and, in France, with a rate between 51 and 54% according to the pollsters, it increased by seven to ten points compared to the last election in 2014 – the highest rate since 1994.
Several other countries were on the same line: around 35% in Spain against 24% in 2014; 15% in Poland against just over 7%; or 17% in Hungary against 11.5% in the last European election.
Participation, which was steadily decreasing as a result of consultations, had dropped to 42% at the last consultation in 2014.
Eurosceptics, conservatives and populists up
A broad coalition of populist and Eurosceptic forces hoping to make their way to the Parliament scores points in most countries.
In France, the National Gathering (RN, formerly FN) leads with 25/26% of votes, slightly higher than in 2014 (24.9%); in Germany, the far-right AFD reaches its target with 10.5% (7.1% in 2014).
In Hungary, Fidesz sovereignist party of Hungarian Viktor Orban largely come in first, credited with a landslide victory with 56% of the votes, ahead of more than 45 points the opposition center-left and extreme right, according to estimates .
In Italy, where the offices close at 11:00 pm (9:00 pm), the polls of the last days also gave the Northern League of Matteo Salvini above the 35% of voting intentions.
Officials in Brussels feared they could win up to 200 of the 751 seats, led by Salvini and Marine Le Pen whose candidate, Jordan Bardella, immediately called for “building a powerful group” in the European Parliament.
A green push
The German Greens almost doubled their score to 20.5-22% (against 10.7% in 2014). A movement also followed in France where the list Europe-Ecology The Greens becomes the third strength of the country around 12 to 13% of votes against 8.9 in 2014 and ahead of the classic right Republicans (around 8).
The mobilization around the 16-year-old Swede Greta Thunberg, who has gathered hundreds of thousands of young Europeans in the streets in recent months, has obviously paid off.
Some 68% of Germans polled before the poll felt that too little was being done to cope with the climate emergency.
Who will choose the boss?
Some 28 Heads of State and Government are reluctant to give Parliament the choice of the boss of the European Commission, which has so far been theirs.
If the EPP center-right bloc were to emerge with a large number of votes, it would strengthen the position of its candidate, the Bavarian Conservative Manfred Weber.
But a less clear result would give wages to those who, like MM. Macron or Rutte, oppose the appointment of the “Spitzenkandidat” – the natural designation of the leader of the group who came first.
The last breath of the British?
Britons expected to leave the EU no later than October 31 voted first on Thursday for what should be their last European election; they logically led the Brexit party of the sulphurous Nigel Farage, a supporter of a break without concession with Brussels.
The country was to leave the fold of the EU on March 29, but, lacking the support of deputies, Theresa May – who announced Friday his resignation on June 7 – had to postpone the date of the divorce originally scheduled for 31 March and organize the European elections in disaster.
In reaction, the Irish neighbors of the United Kingdom have massively opted for the pro-Europe list.